Remarks by Secretary Eric K. Shinseki
Disabled American Veterans Mid-Winter Conference
February 28, 2010
I am pleased to be with you this morning. Yesterday, I attended a memorial service for former Army Chief of Staff, General Fred Weyand, who died on 10 February. He commanded the 25th Infantry Division in Vietnam, and I was one of his young pup lieutenants. He was on his third war, and I was just starting out in the profession of arms. Punchbowl National Cemetery, one of our beautiful VA national shrines, is his final resting place along with the boys of the 100th Infantry Battalion, the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, and the Military Intelligence Service, whom he loved.
I appreciate this opportunity to update you on VA’s accomplishments this past year. A lot has happened, a lot more is in motion since I first addressed this mid-winter conference a year ago, and more, understandably, remains to be done.
I mentioned then that we were crafting a first-ever 2010 budget and a 2011 advance appropriations request—something we needed to get right as a model for the future. Thanks to your legislative initiatives, we were given this unique opportunity to build a two-year budget. How many other departments get to do this? I mentioned that we were also implementing the new Post 9-11 G.I. Bill, working to increase Veterans access, reducing the claims backlog, and ending Veterans homelessness. These initiatives enabled delivery of President Obama’s charge to transform VA into a 21st century organization. Well, 2009 was a good first year.
Let me begin with resources. In both 2008 and 2009, as you will recall, our budgets had been congressionally enhanced, so we wanted to build on them and get 2010 and 2011 funding properly arrayed for the long term. And as I have already mentioned, advance appropriations were part of your legislative initiative and ours, as well, to provide more stable funding for VA—and it has. As you now know, that work paid off. The President fully supported our budget request in 2010, by providing us with a 16.7% [enacted] total budget increase above the 2009 congressionally enhanced budget. That means that VA is executing a budget of $114 billion in 2010 and has requested a total 2011 budget of $125 billion—$60.3 billion in discretionary resources and $64.7 billion in mandatory funding. Our discretionary budget request for 2011 is an increase of 7.6%. These increases amount to a two-year, discretionary funding increase of almost 20% [19.7%] above the 2009 budget. The President’s support for Veterans is clear and unwavering.
These two budgets, 2010 and 2011, enable us to begin addressing our three key priorities: increase Veteran access, reduce the backlog, and end Veterans’ homelessness in the next five years.
Now, I didn’t get as much done on reducing the backlog in 2009, as I had hoped, primarily because implementing the Post 9-11 G.I. Bill was an important, no-fail priority. From a standing start last August, we finished the fall semester with 173,000 Veterans in school at 6,500 colleges and universities across the U.S., being paid by VA.
As most know, we got off to a rocky start, lacking any automated tools to expedite processing, but we learned as we went and put in place the necessary adjustments for this spring semester. As a result, on 1 February 2010, checks began flowing to 170,000 of the 180,000 Veterans currently enrolled in school. Processing roughly 7,000 enrollment certificates a day enables us to control this gap. We are on a good glide path with the Post 9-11 G.I. Bill, and we expect to be fully automated by the end of this year.
I remind you—the 180,000 students who are in school under the 9-11 G.I. Bill are only part of the 565,000 Veterans being educated across our several education programs. This is a tremendous opportunity for Veterans and an even greater investment in the future of our country.
Access: We are expanding access to VA care and services through the activations of new or improved facilities, by expanding eligibility to more Priority Group 8 Veterans, by making greater investments in telehealth, and by opening new cemeteries.
This time last year, we had 768 CBOC’s—Community-Based Outpatient Clinics; 232 Vetcenters, 50 mobile Vetcenters and 7 mobile outpatient clinics; and 128 national cemeteries. In the past 12 months, we have opened 20 new CBOC’s, 36 additional Vetcenters, purchased 2 more mobile outpatient clinics, and opened 3 new cemeteries. And we’re not done yet—between now and the end of FY 2010, we will add over 70 more CBOC’s and 31 more Vetcenters.
Additionally, over the past year, 40,000 chronically ill Veterans who qualify for remote monitoring have been provided telehealth connectivity so that they don’t have to travel to our hospitals or clinics to have their conditions checked. Through the power of technology, they can be monitored in their own homes from a distant station—better monitoring 24 hours a day without exposure to the kinds risks one encounters in hospital emergency rooms. This is part of what we mean about increasing access to VA care and services. We are investing $121 million in teleheath this year to move VA to the head of the line in 21st century health-care delivery.
Homelessness: In January 2009, we estimated that 131,000 Veterans were sleeping on the streets of this powerful and wealthy country—substantially fewer are homeless today. I have pledged that we are going to end Veteran homelessness over the next five years.
Our current estimate for 2010 is that 107,000 Veterans remain homeless—an 18% decrease from last year. While that is a good start, we need a full-court press to keep driving those numbers down. It’s not merely about providing beds for 131,000 homeless Veterans. It’s also about treating them for PTSD, TBI, depression, substance abuse, suicide ideation—and about education and jobs, and the dignity of being thought capable of caring for one’s self. So that’s where we’re headed in ending Veteran homelessness, and we welcome your collaboration and support in eliminating it.
The Backlog: As I mentioned, this is one area in which we did not progress as I would have wanted. Getting the new Post 9-11 G.I. Bill education program up and functioning caused some distraction, but not enough to use as an excuse. That’s not to say that we did not work claims hard. Last year we completed 974,000 claims, but then received nearly 1 million new ones in return. Some see that as a problem. I don’t—I see outreach to Veterans working. As I’ve mentioned before, there are 23 million Veterans in this country. Only 8.1 million of them are enrolled in VA for health care. We will continue to outreach to Veterans wherever they live.
2010 is my year to focus on the backlog, as I did on the Post 9-11 G.I. Bill last year—to find and break longstanding obstacles to faster and better processing, and higher quality outcomes. As a first step, over the past year, we put four pilots into motion: Pittsburgh, where we are designing how to build the best claim possible for each Veteran. Here the claim is our claim, and the Veteran is our client. Like building a legal brief, how do we make each claim the best and strongest argument to win the case for the Veteran? Advocacy is the bottom line.
Pilot #2 is in Little Rock, Arkansas. Business process re-engineering—when that “best possible claim” arrives for adjudication, who touches it first, how many others have to touch it, and what are the organizational and spatial relationships that make this a most efficient process?
Pilot #3, Providence, Rhode Island. What automated tools are needed to increase speed, accuracy, efficiency, and security? The goals are no lost claims, and highest accuracy in claims processing. We didn’t want to automate bad processes and just get lousy decisions faster, so we broke the complex, convoluted claims process down into its component pieces to improve each part before putting them back together again.
And finally, pilot #4 pulls together all these efforts to create the virtual regional office of the future. We’re conducting this pilot in cooperation with the Social Security Administration in Baltimore. Our intent is to replace the systems in use at our 57 existing RO’s and eliminate the entire claims backlog by 2015.
Why 2015? Why so long, if you are working this as a priority? Because in October of last year, we made an Agent Orange decision that affects Vietnam Veterans, who have been dealing with the toxic effects of Agent Orange for the past 40 years. It was the right decision. Logically, the overall number of claims is expected to grow, as will the backlog and processing times due to these new Agent Orange claims. But with these four pilots and the 27% increase we have provided to VBA’s budget in 2011, I expect that over the next several years, we will shape and control that growth in claims—so that by 2015, we will be well on our way to eliminating the backlog entirely.
Our long-term solution to claims processing is to operationalize the concept of “seamless transition” between DoD and VA as military Servicemembers step out of their uniforms and enroll with VA. “Seamless transition” is our joint DoD-VA concept of universal registration, where Servicemembers’ personnel and medical records are duplicated in VA, even as those service records are being populated, while they still serve in uniform. That way, there is no air gap in the transfer of those records when the uniforms come off at the end of their military service.
To enable this kind of seamlessness, a new information system called V-LER, the Virtual Lifetime Electronic Record, is being developed by both VA and DoD. President Obama mandated the development of V-LER last April 2009, as the future transformational record for all Servicemembers and Veterans. When fielded, V-LER will track each member of our military forces—active and reserve component—from the day they first put on the uniform until the day they are laid to rest. This will transform our benefits administration—faster processing, better decisions, fewer errors, no lost records.
We must and will transform VA into the high-performing, well-disciplined, transparent, and accountable organization we know it’s capable of being. 300,000 good people come to work everyday to serve Veterans. We must focus all of their efforts on providing Veterans the highest quality and safety in benefits and services.
The reason for this transformational focus at VA is, in part, to harmonize two very distinct images of the men and women who have worn our nation’s military uniforms—two incongruent images, I might add, which are troubling.
The first image is this—and it is one most familiar to everyone in this audience: Each year, something around 60% of high-school graduates go on to colleges, universities, community colleges—some version of higher education. Of the remaining 40% or so, some undergo vocational training, and some immediately enter the workforce. Fewer others join the less than 1% of Americans who volunteer to serve in our Nation’s armed forces. Most young people today have no memory of a draft Army.
After enlisting, they undergo weeks of rigorous physical training and mental preparation for a disciplined life of values, standards, and accountability. Following graduation from basic training, they join a wide variety of units—platoons, ships, squadrons, and detachments.
These young men and women come from every racial, ethnic, religious, and socio-economic background in the country, representing every geographic region of it, as well. When they reach their first units, they quickly become valued and trusted members of high-performing teams—maybe the highest performing teams they will ever be a part of in their lives—tough, motivated, extremely dedicated. With excellent leadership, they go forward, each and every day, to perform the complex, the difficult, and the dangerous missions. On some days, they are asked to do the impossible.
Think of what they’ve been asked to do, and what they’ve accomplished, with unwavering commitment and without complaint, these last eight years in Iraq and Afghanistan. They are, as a group, simply outstanding young people who routinely make the impossible possible. This is not the story of every Soldier, Sailor, Airman, Marine, and Coastguardsman, but it is their collective legacy. It is their narrative of success.
But there is a second image—Veterans suffer disproportionately from homelessness, depression, substance abuse, and suicides, and they are well up there in joblessness, as well. 107,000 of them sleep on the streets of our nation today. Another 40,000 Veterans are released from prison each year.
What’s wrong with these disparate images? To be sure, there are fewer in the second image than the first, but the same youngsters populate image #1 and image #2. What happened? What did we do or fail to do? Why couldn’t we continue the successes so many of our Veterans achieved while in service? How do we keep them from entering that downward spiral of joblessness, depression, and substance abuse that often leads to homelessness and, sometimes, to suicide? It’s not about them; it’s about us.
At VA, our goal is to never allow those in image #1 to become part of image #2, and to return those in image #2 to lives as productive as possible. Our five-year plan is aggressive—but achievable. Can we do it alone? No, we need your help.
You have a proud history of championing the well-being of men and women who have selflessly served our nation in uniform. Like Soldiers who promise never to leave a fallen comrade, DAV never leaves a disabled Veteran, or a disabled Veteran’s family, in need, especially now when times are as tough economically as they are.
The energy and commitment you applied to passing advance appropriations into law is reflected in every other DAV initiative. From your national transportation network; to the work of your NSO’s and TSO’s; to your sponsorship of the Winter Sports Clinic; and your countless hours of volunteer service, DAV has, for 90 years, been doing the heavy lifting in legislative and community action, helping to care for America’s most deserving Veterans. We need your continued partnership in the things that you do well.
Thank you for the good work you do each and every day for Veterans in your communities—and in your national-level initiatives.
God bless our men and women in uniform, God bless our Veterans, and may God continue to bless this wonderful country of ours. Thank you.